Morning sickness medication may vary from home remedies recommended by the family and friends, to over-the-counter medication prescribed by your doctor or health care provider. While the symptoms may be alleviated by taking in the medication prescribed by family, sometimes morning sickness is cured only with a dose of prescribed medicine. So, sucking ginger lozenges may not always help.
While there are drugs in pregnancy that you may consume with the advice of your doctor, nondrugs remedies are always suggested over medication because you should not expose your growing baby to any drugs. But these methods might not spell relief for every woman, and she may turn to a few nausea medicines as prescribed to her.
Over-the-counter drugs might include what’s not officially listed for pregnancy. Emetrol is a non prescription nausea medication that’s considered safe during pregnancy. Then there are medications such as Zantac or Pepcid, which sometimes work for women whose nausea and vomiting is triggered by various symptoms of gastrointestinal distress like a stomach upset and heartburn.
There is the drug Bendectin, which combines an antihistamine called doxylamine with vitamin B6. Once widely used in the United States to treat morning sickness, Bendectin’s use got it into controversy over its safety during pregnancy –and forced the manufacturer to pull it off the market. These days available in Canada under the name Dicletin, its ingredients have been classified by the FDA as safe and effective for nausea and vomiting during pregnancy.
The sleeping pill Doxylamine, available under the brand name Unisom Nighttime Sleep-Aid, can treat morning sickness. It can make you sleepy, so you shouldn’t drive when taking doxylamine, neither should you venture inside your kitchen. Just do not take it without a prescription from your doctor.
If you still do not suffer relief, your doctor might have to prescribe something for you. When it comes to prescription drugs, your doctor may suggest nausea medications such as Compazine or Tigan or the antihistamine Phenergan.
The drug Zofran, originally designed to control nausea in chemotherapy patients, may be effective to control nausea in pregnant women as well, but it is a very expensive drug and will not be covered by many insurers.
Treatment for Hyperemesis Gravidarum
If your nausea and vomiting are so severe that you can’t keep anything down, including water, juice, food, prenatal vitamins, or medications, you are probably afflicted with Hyperemesis Gravidarum, which is a severe kind of morning sickness. If your inability to swallow anything without vomiting it out is for real and you begin to suffer from weight loss and dehydration, you ought to consult with your doctor. Your doctor might want to check you into the hospital and treat you with intravenous (IV) fluids and medications, until you are able to eat without throwing up. An effective and powerful drug is Droperidol in combination with fluids, vitamins, and the antihistamine Diphenhydramine, to control your bouts of nausea and vomiting. Droperidol has the properties to bring your nausea and vomiting under control rapidly so that you can start eating and drinking again within a day or two.
Apurva Shree is the online editor of free pregnancy information resource http://www.earlypregnancy-symptom.info She has developed this site to provide valuable information on pregnancy and useful methods to enjoy your pregnancy period and the ways in which you welcome your new world of motherhood. Early pregnancy symptom.Info is your free resource that not only provides information on pregnancy period but the other aspects of pregnancy as well.
Are you feeling woozy today? Do you feel that you are losing control because you feel that the world around you is moving in up and down and in circles? Are you about to throw up at any moment because of the intense giddiness? Or you feel that your head is about the break open because of the excruciating headache that you are presently having? All of these questions are all familiar, and for sure, nobody is a stranger to these unpleasant feelings. However, quite common as they are, you can control and fight back, and not allow dizziness and headaches tobe the masters of your life. Instead, take it easy, relax for a while, as we will explore the different treatments for these annoying and debilitating conditions.
What Are Dizziness And Headaches?
In putting up a fight with the best and successful outcome, it is of utmost importance to know the enemy well first. Whether you are getting woozy and having the pain in your head again, defining them is always subjective. That simply means, they are, as they are, as described. When one will say that “I feel dizzy” or “I am having a headache right now”, that is what the patient is feeling at that moment, and should not be given a doubt, unless, if they malinger and intentionally act things out.
First things first, let’s tackle dizziness. Dizziness, as mentioned, is a subjective assessment. However, it can be categorized into three different distinct types. These are vertigo, disequilibrium, and presyncope.
Vertigo is when you feel that your surrounding is moving or spinning around you. This is usually felt after spinning yourself after enjoying a merry-go-round spin ride. This often accompanied by vomiting. Other symptoms that patients report include sound and light irritability and blurred visual changes. Clinical manifestations observed by an examiner include excessive perspiration, gait and balance difficulties and nystagmus, which a rapid, uncontrollable, involuntary, jerky eye movements.
Disequilibrium, on the other hand, is the loss of balance and stability. Equilibrioception or the sense of balance is severely altered that person often experiences falls and slips. However, it should be noted that despite of the severity of the symptom involved, vomiting is not a part of this condition.
Presyncope is the sensation of fainting. Oftentimes called as light-headedness, actual fainting does not occur. The person still retains some level of consciousness. Presyncope serves as a tip-off sign that the person is about to faint. Lack of cerebral oxygen perfusion is the cause of light-headedness because of poor blood circulation towards the brain due to partial obstruction, circulatory problems or vagus nerve stimulation. If not corrected immediately, fainting can occur.
Now that we had learned the various categories of dizziness, let us now learn more about headaches. Headaches are simply defined as pain felt on the upper cephalic or peri-coronal area of the head. Just like dizziness, it is always a subjective symptom, as it can only be felt by the person having it.
Headaches can be described in a more detailed format. Examiners want to get more comprehensive data on the intensity, duration, quality and frequency.
The intensity can be described as mild, moderate, severe and very severe. By using the Wong-Baker’s Pain scale, pain can be quantified from 0 to 10. 0 equates to no pain, while 10 is interpreted as very severe pain.
To assess for duration, patients are asked how long the pain had lasted ranging from a few seconds, minutes, hours and even days.
Quality of pain, on the other hand, can be described as throbbing, piercing, vise-like, squeezing, compressing and the like.
Frequency gives examiners an idea on how often the pain occurs. The examiner asks the patient on how frequently the pain shows up. Is it intermittent, recurrent, or benign?
What Causes Dizziness And Headaches?
Both dizziness and headaches can either be idiopathic in nature or are direct results from an existing condition. They are not diseases by themselves but they do tell the person having it, as well as attending healthcare providers that something is not right.
Patients having the following disease processes have either vertigo or disequilibrium or both, as one of their main clinical manifestations. These are Otitis media, Otitis interna, which is often called as Vestibular neuritis or Labyrinthitis, Meniere’s disease, Benign Paroxysmal Positional Vertigo or BPPV, and Acoustic neuroma or Vestibular Schwannoma. Perhaps, the most common cause of vertigo and disequilibrium that a lot of people are familiar with is Kinetosis, which is the medical term for Motion sickness or Travel Sickness. Kinetosis also includes Space sickness or Space Adaptation Syndrome (SAS), which is directly associated during space travel.
Problems with blood circulation and pathologic conditions of the heart both lessen the amount of oxygen being delivered towards the brain. A great amount of oxygen is needed by the brain for its normal functioning, and any drastic changes can trigger light-headedness, as the brain is very sensitive to abrupt oxygen level alterations. That is why it is expected for patients to feel woozy and unsteady at times when they have any of the following conditions: hypertension, hypotension, including orthostatic hypotension, coronary artery diseases such as arteriosclerosis and atherosclerosis, transient ischemic attacks or TIA, mild carbon monoxide poisoning, anemia and anatomical and physiological anomalies within the heart. Overwhelming stress such as the sight of blood or extreme emotional duress can bring down blood pressure levels as the vagus nerve is unintentionally activated during these highly stressful events.
For those undergoing long-term medical therapy, certain drugs can induce dizziness because of their modes of action and unexpected side effects. For patients taking prescription drugs, as well as for those who are attending the needs of patients undergoing prolonged drug therapy, expect some levels of dizziness from the following medications. To name a few, here are some examples. These are anti-hypertensive drugs, anti depressants, diuretics, chemotherapy drugs, sedative-hypnotics, aminoglycosides, salicylates, anticonvulsants and nitroglycerin.
Prohibited drugs such as cocaine or often called as “crack” or “coke” as its street names, as well as recreational beverages especially alcohol can make its consumers experience some degree of giddiness.
Other causes of dizziness and light-headedness include hypoglycemia, dehydration, mild head trauma such as a concussion and excessive exposure to hot air temperatures.
Pathologic nervous system disorders such as Multiple Sclerosis and Ramsay Hunt syndrome II or Herpes zoster oticus had been known reported in causing dizziness.
Changes in hormonal levels such as Addison’s disease (inadequate steroid hormone production), Hyperthyroidism (high thyroid hormone levels), Hypothyroidism (low thyroid hormone level), Diabetes Mellitus (high blood glucose secondary to poor insulin production), pregnancy, and menopause can modify spatial orientation and perception.
Pain, just like dizziness, may indicate the presence of physiologic or even a psychiatric problem. In fact according to the International Classification of Headache Disorders (ICHD-2) by the International Headache Society, headaches are generally categorized into Primary and Secondary Headaches.
Primary headaches are cryptogenic. The cause is not well-established and remains a gray-area for researchers and experts. According to the ICHD-2, tension-type headaches, cluster headaches and migraines, as well as, Trigeminal Neuralgia or Fothergill’s disease are categorized as primary headaches due to their sudden onset and ambiguous nature.
Secondary headaches, unlike the primary headachess, are direct consequences arising from a known and well-established cause. Severe headaches may result from high blood pressure or hypertension, stroke, transient ischemic attack (TIA), bleeding and blood clot formation within the cranium, blood vessel aneurysms, glaucoma, post-operation headache resulting from dialysis and craniotomy, abnormal growths or tumors within the brain or cranial vault, abnormal cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) pressure levels and from endocrine abnormalities such as hypothyroidism.
Secondary headaches can also result from unhealthy habits. Protracted fasting, long-term analgesic therapy and alcohol consumption should be avoided as these practices can trigger excruciating headaches as well.
Headaches may be psychiatric in nature, rather than physiologic. Somatization, psychosomatic disorders, as well as tactile hallucinations can create pain that feels real for people having psychiatric disturbances.
What Are The Treatments For Dizziness And Headaches?
Now that we had discovered that dizziness and headaches culminate from an existing condition, management is therefore focused on the cause of the problem. However, if the triggering factor is idiopathic such as in the case of BPPV and Primary headaches, palliative and preventive measures are taken to relieve and lessen the gravity of the symptoms involved.
For infection of the middle and inner ear, antibiotics are the main methods of management. To neutralize vertigo and disequilibrium, medications are prescribed and given. These are Promethazine hydrochloride (Phenergan) and Meclizine hydrochloride (Antivert). Diphenhyramine (Benadryl), an antihistamine and Diazepam (Valium), a benzodiazepine, are also helpful as they help patients to relax well during vertigo attacks.
If warning signs of presyncope or light-headedness occur, encourage the person to lie down in a supine position with both legs elevated. This position is called the Reverse Trendelenburg or the Reverse T-position. This brings more blood from the legs towards the upper extremities and the head. If presyncope is caused by too much exposure to heat, loosen tight clothing but protect the patient’s privacy, apply cooling techniques and avoid giving fluids as this can cause aspiration.
As both dizziness and headaches can either be mysterious in nature or are direct results of serious medical and psychiatric conditions, self-treatment is highly discouraged, as this can make disease outcome worse and prognosis become bleaker. Always bear in mind that nothing can replace and substitute proper medical advice and intervention. Remember to talk with your healthcare provider immediately and promptly.
I understand your situation. It hurts everyday. It interrupts and prevents you from the things you used to love to do, and keeps you from activities you’d like to try. You may even get depressed and angry from the constant agony and inability to function normally. Believe me, I’m no stranger to pain, and I’ve gone through it myself.
It is true that we all have different thresholds and tolerances for pain. This is part an individual physiologic phenomena where one person can simply bear a higher level of pain stimulus before coming to tears, and part learned response by cultural and social influences. Whatever it is however, no one should live in chronic agony. Yes of course I believe we can all “suck it up” a little, and I of all people recognize that western medicine has created generation of “less robust” citizens who have the expectation to live in a constant state of comfort. I say “I of all people” because I work in an hospital emergency department of a major hospital, and my specialty is trauma. so if you were to come to my hospital and you cut your hand open, broke your leg, had a migraine headache, or some chronic pain, chances are you’d be seeing me. So now that you know what I do for a living, I’m going to share with you perhaps a different way to look at and deal with your aches and pains.
Try to digest this concept: Pain is an idea. That’s right. No matter how you slice it, pain is literally the recognition of a nerve impulse that is thought of as uncomfortable. That nerve impulse can be coming from anything, for anything, such as a cold/hot receptor, to a touch/pressure receptor, or many other things. It’s not until that nerve impulse is processed and recognized by your brain as pain that you actually feel pain. Got it? OK then, so the million dollar question is, can we change your “ideas” about pain?
Most people that are in chronic pain, have been treated in the past with narcotic medications. While this treatment modality is a quick fix, and highly effective, it doesn’t come without it’s own set of unique problems. Narcotic dependence has become a huge problem in the United States. Whether it be from inadequate pain control making it necessary to increase dosages, or whether the drug crosses from being a pain reliever to a recreational drug, the outcome is always the same. Narcotic medications in chronic pain treatment leads to narcotic dependence and drug seeking behavior. So what are the alternatives medications that actually work?
In the old days, when someone came to the ER for pain relief, the easy thing to do was give them a shot of Demeral or Morphine. These days, with the increase of ER abuse, law suits, and drug seeking malingerers, there is an increasing adoption of policies in hospital emergency departments to use alternative medicines for the treatment of pain, especially when the initial dose of narcotic medications seem to have little or no effect.
Remember in the old movies where the psych patient would be freaking out and the doctor would bark, “Nurse, give him 50mg of Thorazine!”, after which the patient would instantly become comfortably numb and become compliant and docile? These are those same medicines, we just give them in smaller doses! These medications include hypnotics and antipsychotics drugs from the phenothiazine group of medicines, many of which got their start as psychiatric pharmaceuticals. Drugs like thorazine, haloperidol, droperidol, compazine and even phenergan are medications routinely given by IV or as an muscular injection, and seem to work magically, with overwhelming success. Outpatient medications include antidepressants such as neurontin, or even prozac.
It’s amazing how well they work. Within minutes, the patients pounding headache is gone, and they are asking to go home. Back pain sufferers literally get out of bed, get dressed and request to be discharged. It just doesn’t get much better than that!
Your doctor says you have Alzheimers Disease. But did he review your medications to be certain that some aren’t suppressing acetylcholine, a chemical essential to learning and memory? And that is why it may appear you are in decline? Renowned researchers and health providers P. Murali Doraiswamy, M.D. and Lisa P. Gwyther, M.S.W. of Duke University warn that so-called anticholinergic medications do exactly that–suppress the very brain chemical that Alzheimer’s Disease medications act to increase.
Indeed, researchers who test memory medications often induce Alzheimer’s Disease symptoms in healthy test subjects by giving them large amounts of such drugs. It pays to be aware so you can ensure that your doctor is considering every possible cause of what you may believe to be age-related mental decline.
It may be the medications you take.
Who Is at Risk and What Do You Do?
Anticholinergic drugs are very common. In the U.S., one in five people over the age of 65 is taking them. Sometimes in the face of their doctor’s offer of a substitute. The dilemma is that many of them are very useful and even essential to health. Determining which ones you can do without requires consultation with your doctor (or a specialist very familiar with memory impairment) and possibly a pharmacist. This bit of investigation may make the difference between having an Alzheimer’s Disease diagnosis or not. Surely worth the effort.
Medications to Watch Out For
Dr. Doraiswamy points out that not all anticholinergic medications are equally problematic. Some affect people in different ways, and while all suppress acetylcholine, some do so more than others. When you learn which medications you take may be contributing to learning or memory problems, you and your health providers can then decide whether there are alternatives or perhaps even some you can do without. Do not undertake this type of analysis or decision-making without medical advice.
Darvon, Darvon w/aspirin, Darvon-N
Indocin and Indocin-SR
Naprosyn, Avaprox, Aleve
Tigan (in high doses)
Muscle Relaxants & Antispasmodics
Older Psychiatric Drugs (sleeping aids, antidepressants, anti-anxiety drugs)
All barbiturates except phenobarbitol (except when used to control seizures
Anticholinergics & Antihistamines
When men failed to achieve erection necessary to perform sex or in case they fail to maintain erection to finish sex, it is a condition known as erectile dysfunction. This condition is very common among people with old age though it can occur at any age.
What are the causes for erectile dysfunction?
Sexual arousal is a process that comprise of the brain, nerves, emotions, muscles, hormones, and blood vessels all at the same time. In case one of these processes is affected, erectile dysfunction occurs.
At one time, doctors believe that the problem is created by psychological issues. But later on, they found out that it is an erroneous claim after all. Despite the popular belief that the problem would only revolve around emotional aspect, truth is erectile dysfunction is typically created by something physical. This is further supported with the occurrence that male with chronic health problem are normally the victim of the problem.
Are you aware that there are even medications that cause erectile dysfunction? Refer to the chart for the most common medications that cause erectile dysfunction.
Kinds of Drugs Generic Brand Names
Anti-anxiety antidepressants, and antiepileptic drugs
Antihistamines Dimehydrinate (Dramamine)
The list for probable offenders is long thus it is important to check with your doctor about the possible side effects of any medication that you are popping in order to rule out the culprit.
In case you one or two of your medicine belong to the list of medications that cause erectile dysfunction, the only possible option to stop the dilemma is to stop taking the drug. But do not stop taking them without doctor’s advice. Your doctor may even be able to consider other option to stop erectile dysfunction concerns.
Furthermore here are some other drugs that can trigger the problem:
There are different options to stop erectile dysfunction and one of them is a change of lifestyle. If you are known to take prohibited drugs, stop using them since aside from their dreadful mental effect, they can also lead to ED. Quit smoking, eat healthy foods, avoid drinking alcoholic beverages—a clean lifestyle is all that it takes!
If you just follow this tip, you can even save yourself from paying escalating fees for surgery, medications, and devices used to treat erectile dysfunction. You can as well try to exercise regularly to promote a healthy body.
Say goodbye to those sleepless night spent all by yourself, its time to grab a partner in bed and start enjoying the night together! Because with clean and healthy lifestyle, you are bound to say goodbye to erectile dysfunction!
If you are a migraine headache sufferer you know how important it is to get pain relief fast. A migraine can be so severe that it can put a stop to your whole day. Many people who have migraines may have two or more each month. This article will examine a few ways to get rid of a migraine headache.
If you experience auras with your migraines then you have a warning system in place. It you start to notice bright flashes of light, dark spots in your field of vision or zigzag lines in your vision field, then you are about to develop a migraine. Take an over the counter NSAIDS right away. These drugs such as, Advil and Motrin can help with mild pain from migraines. It is probably a good idea to lie down in a dark, quiet, room also. A cool cloth applied to the forehead may be of some comfort.
If your migraines are severe, you need to see your doctor. He will prescribe prescription strength migraine medicine for you such as,Imitrex. This was the first drug that was developed specifically to treat migraines. Imitrex acts like serotonin and binds itself to the serotonin receptors in the brain. This cause the blood vessels to constrict, therefore relieving the pressure on the brain and the migraine pain.
Since Imitrex was developed a few other drugs have been created also. They work in similar ways to Imitrex but have fewer side effects and will cause fewer rebound headaches.
Since nausea is a common complication that occurs with a migraine, your doctor may prescribe an anti-emetic medication such as Reglan, Compazine or Phenergan. These medicines do not decrease the pain from a migraine, but they can stop the nausea and vomiting associated with it. Some of these drugs do have the ability to make you relaxed and very sleepy. Being more relaxed can help your pain medicine work better and possibly shorten the duration of your migraine.
The best thing you can do for your migraines is to find out what causes them. Keep a diary and try to pinpoint certain triggers that may set off a migraine headache. Some people are overly sensitive to certain perfumes or flowers. Others may develop a migraine after eating certain foods.
Your other option is to talk to your doctor about preventive medicines for migraine headaches. Studies have found that certain cardiovascular drugs and certain antidepressant medications have been highly effective in the prevention of migraines. New studies are being done all the time. Who knows, maybe eventually they will find a cure for your migraine headaches. But for now all you can do is try to prevent them or if you feel one coming on, try to treat it as quickly as possible.
There is no argument that migraines can be truly incapacitating for a great number of people. Sadly, that number is not getting any smaller. As the worst type of headache, migraine symptoms can extend anywhere from being unable to deal with sound or light all the way up to total nausea, vomiting and an aura. Add in the throbbing temples, and pain that goes with that, and any migraine sufferer will gladly share a migraine with anyone who hasn’t had one, just to ease the pain.
Treatments fall into two categories for migraines…
Preventative treatments are used when a patient has migraines more than four times a month, or on average, once a week. The variety of prescription medications that are available now for physicians to choose from has become greater and greater, with the end goal being no migraines at all. Daily prescriptions are used to try to stop the migraine from starting, and if it does, making it less painful.
Some of the drugs that are used to stop migraines are: antihistamines, which are typically used to treat allergies, and anti-epileptic drugs, which are used to treat seizures sometimes. Also, calcium-channel blockers as well as beta-blockers, which are typically used to treat high blood pressure, can also be used to treat migraines occasionally.
Abortive treatments are treatments that sufferers go through once the migraine has begun, or immediately prior to it having begun. Usually abortive treatments involve medications, although some migraine sufferers do have certain rituals that they swear by. Triptan medications are the typical medication that is used to abort the migraine before it can get into full swing. Triptan does not work on other aches and pains such as arthritis or fibromyalgia, but it works on migraines because it focuses on the serotonin that is involved in headaches such as migraines.
Other medications are available if the migraine is too severe for a triptan to work. There are various types of applications: Some are wafer thin and slip right under your tongue and melt instantly; others are intranasal, where you spray it up your nose and get almost instant relief, and then the other type is injectable. Then, there are still other drugs available that will affect the serotonin levels even more to aid in the immediate relief of the migraine.
There are a couple of anti-nausea medications available also that can give relief to migraines-Phenergan, and Compazine. Their effect is considered an abortive effect because they are not taken on a daily basis, so they are not a preventative medication.
Narcotics are also another avenue left open to migraine sufferers-but this can be very dangerous because of the addiction issues. While narcotics DO make the pain go away, it is very easy to become addicted to narcotics. However, if the patient is properly supervised, then it is possible that narcotics will help the patient quite a bit. Examples of this type of drug: Lortab (Hydrocodone), Percocet, Fiorinal and Tylenol with Codeine.
Antihistamine drugs are used to prevent many things like nausea, vomiting, motion sickness, sedation, and to treat itching that is result of allergies such as with a wheat allergy symptom.
One common class of antihistamines is Promethazine, which is a generic class of drugs. Promethazine has been tested with a variety of allergy symptoms like nasal congestion, itching nose, sneezing, runny nose, sneezing, watery eyes, itchy eyes, hives, or skin rash. Any of these could be a wheat allergy symptom.
Other names for Promethazine included Promethean, Phenergan, and Phenadoz. When you suffer with a wheat allergy symptom there is a good chance that your Doctor will recommend this drug because it is so good at reducing symptoms. Of course eliminating wheat from your diet is the ultimate goal to treat your wheat allergy symptom.
If you suffer from a wheat allergy symptom your doctor is likely going to prescribe a drug such as Promethazine. In some countries such as Switzerland or the UK it is available over the counter. An antihistamine will reduce itching and swelling. It is also useful for treating hay fever.
When taking an antihistamine like Promethazine you may experience some symptoms such as drowsiness. You should not drive or operate equipment or perform tasks that require alertness or concentration. You may experience blurred vision, dizziness, dry mouth, or mild confusion. A small price to pay for relief form that wheat allergy symptom.
If you prefer to get to the root of the problem of your wheat allergy symptom consider removing wheat from your diet. You may think this is easy but it is rather a daunting task as wheat is in many of the products we eat. However, it doesn’t hurt to start small and gradually increase the number of wheat products you eliminate from your diet.
In the mean time your Doctor will likely suggest you continue taking your antihistamines to reduce or eliminate your wheat allergy symptom. Isn’t it time you stopped suffering? There are plenty of solutions such as Promethazine so why not get relief?